Development II: 6 to 12 years

Adult Psychoanalytic Training (APT)
2020-21, 2nd Trimester — Fridays, 1:45-3:15pm
Joel Martell, PhD
Martin Bullard, LICSW


Readings are subject to change according to candidate preferences and feedback as the quarter progresses.

Learning Objectives

After completing this course, students will be able to:

  1. describe important elements of the history of the latency phase in psychoanalysis.
  2. understand basic features of development from ages 6 to 12.
  3. understand principles applicable to the treatment of latency age patients.

December 4, 2020 — Some of the conceptual history of latency in psychoanalysis

[40 pages]

Bornstein, B. (1951). On Latency. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 6:279-285.

Knight, R. (2014). A Hundred Years of Latency: From Freudian Psychosexual Theory to Dynamic Systems Nonlinear Development in Middle Childhood. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 62(2):203-235.

Optional Reading

Blos, P. (1962). "The Latency Period, an Introduction" in On Adolescence: A Psychoanalytic Interpretation, pp52-71.

Freud, S. (1905). "The Period of Sexual Latency in Childhood and its Interruption" in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume VII (1901-1905), pp176-179.

Freud, S. (1925). "Inhibitions, Symptoms, and Anxiety" in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XX (1925-1926), pp87-156.

December 11, 2020 — Developmental context and features of latency

[62 pages]

Gilmore, K. and Meersand, P. (2014). “The Latency Phase: Cognitive Maturation, Autonomy, Social Development and Learning”, in Normal Child and Adolescent Development: A Psychodynamic Primer. Ch6, pp141-177.

Loewald, H.W. (1979). The Waning of the Oedipus Complex. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 27:751-775

Optional Reading

Freud, S. (1924). "The Dissolution of the Oedipus Complex" in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIX (1923-1925): The Ego and the Id and Other Works, 171-180.

January 8, 2021 — Research perspectives

[62 pages]

Shapiro, T. and Perry, R. (1976). Latency Revisited: The Age 7 Plus or Minus 1. PSC, 31:79-107.

Knight, R. (2005). The Process of Attachment and Autonomy in Latency A Longitudinal Study of Ten Children. PSC, 60:178-210.

Optional Reading

Furman, E. (1991). "Early Latency" in The Course of Life Vol. III., Ed. by Greenspan and Pollack, pp161-203.

January 15, 2021 — Perspectives on latency I

[36 pages]

Knight, R. (2011). Fragmentation, Fluidity, and Transformation: Nonlinear Development in Middle Childhood. PSC, 65:19-47.

Goldwater, E. (1997). From pleasure to reality, through fantasy: What do children need? Modern Psychoanalysis, 22:167-173.

January 22, 2021 — Some issues of diversity across psychoanalytic work including latency

[44 pages]

Midterm evaluations should be conducted at the end of this class. Discussion of how remote classes are handled and suggestions on how it can be improved will of course be very welcome. An outline to start the discussion is provided in a link below.

Midterm Evaluation Discussion Questions

Durham, J.I. (2018). Perceptions of microaggressions: Implications for the mental health and treatment of African American yout. In Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy, 17(1), pp. 52-61

Ehrensaft, D. (2007). Raising girlyboys: A parents perspective. In Studies in Gender & Sexuality, 8, pp269-302.

Optional Reading

Kaplan, E.B. (1976). Manifestations of Aggression in Latency and Preadolescent Girls. PSC, 31:63-78.

January 29, 2021 — Reflection and repetition in latency

[39 pages]

Jemerin, J.M. (2004). Latency and the capacity to reflect on mental states. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 59:211-239.

Sarnoff, C. (1987). “Repetition compulsion and reparative mastery” in Psychotherapeutic strategies in the latency years, pp305-314.

Optional Reading

Novick, K. K. and Novick, J. (1994). Postoedipal Transformations: Latency, Adolescence, and Pathogenesis. JAPA, 42:143-169.

February 5, 2021 — Understanding transference in the latency phase

[42 pages]

Furman, E. (1980). Transference and Externalization in Latency. Psychoanal. St. Child, 35:267-284.

Fraiberg, S. (1966). Further considerations of the role of transference in latency. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 21:213-236.

February 19, 2021 — The role of play in Latency

[48 pages]

Slade, A. (1994) “Making Meaning and Making Believe” in Children at Play, pp81-107.

Peller, L. (1954). Libidinal Phases, Ego Development and Play. PSC, 9:178-198.

Optional Reading

Arlow, J. (1971) "A type of play observed in boys during the latency period" in Separation-Individuation: Essays in Honor of Margaret Mahler. ed. McDevitt and Settlage, pp157-171.

Plaut, E.A. (1979). Play and Adaptation. PSC, 34:217-234.

February 26, 2021 — Moving toward adolescence

[48 pages]

Gilmore, K. and Meersand, P. (2014) “Preadolescence: Bodily Changes, Changing Relationships, and the Transition to the Teen Years”, in Normal Child and Adolescent Development: A Psychodynamic Primer. Ch7, pp179-202.

Benveniste, D. (1998). Play and the Metaphors of the Body. PSC, 53:65-83.

Bernstein, A. (2001). A Note on the Passing of the Latency Period. Modern Psychoanalysis, 26(2):283-287.

March 5, 2021 — Perspectives on latency II

[39 pages]

Kaplan, E.B. (1976). Manifestations of Aggression in Latency and Preadolescent Girls. PSC, 31:63-78.

Hoffman, L. (2007). Do Children Get Better when we Interpret their Defenses against Painful Feelings?. Psychoanal. St. Child, 62:291-313.

Optional Reading

Etchegoyen, A. (1993). Latency - a Reappraisal. IJP, 74:347-357.

March 12, 2021 — Case Presentation and discussion: Martin Bullard

Optional Reading

Karush, R.K. (2016). Elucidating the Transference Using the Child’s Dream. Psychoanal. Inq., 36(3):214-219

Twemlow, Stuart W. (2000). The Roots of Violence: Converging Psychoanalytic Exploratory Models for Power Struggles and Violence in Schools. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 69(4):741-785.

Novick, K.K. (1983). Modes of Communication in the Analysis of the Latency Girl. PSC, 38:481-500.